Business Law KNEC Notes and Syllabus

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General Objectives

At the end of the unit, the trainee should be able to:

  • Recognize the sources of law in Kenya
  • Demonstrate an understanding on the nature and jurisdiction of courts in Kenya
  • Apply the elements of public law while dealing with other citizens
  • Apply the law of contract carrying out business transactions
  • Apply the principles of law of agency in executing business activities
  • Apply the law of tort in business activities
  • Recognize the role of the law of succession application in business
  • Apply the employment law in resolving problems
  • Demonstrate competency to make legally sound decisions.


Topic 1: Introduction to Law

1.1. Meaning of Law

1.2. Significance of Law

1.3. Law and Morality

1.4. Classification of Law

1.5. Sources of Kenyan Law

1.6. Parliamentary Legislation Process

Topic 2: Structure and Jurisdiction of Courts in Kenya

2.1. Composition and Jurisdiction of Courts

2.2. Hierarchy of Kenyan Courts

2.3. Composition and Jurisdiction of Administrative Tribunals

Topic 3: Elements of Public Law

3.1. Arms of Government

3.2. Functions of the Arms of the Government

3.3. Right of Citizens as per the Constitution of Kenya

3.4. Offences Applicable for Proceedings against the State

Topic 4: Law of Contract

4.1. Meaning of Law of Contract

4.2. Types of Contracts

4.3. Essential Elements of a Valid Contract

4.4. Grounds under Which Contracts are Declared Illegal

4.5. Vitiating Factors

4.6. Significance of Privity of Contract

4.7. Negotiable Instruments contract

4.8. Methods of Discharging Contracts

4.9. Remedies

4.10. Limitations of Action

Topic 5: Law of Agency

5.1. Meaning of Laws of Agency

5.2. Parties to a Contract of Agency

5.3. Types of Agents

5.4. Methods through Which Agency Can be created

5.5. Right and Duties of Parties to an Agency Contract

5.6. Ways through Which Agency may be Discharged

Topic 6: Law of Tort

6.1. Meaning of Law of Tort

6.2. Elements of Tort

6.3. General Defences of Tort

6.4. Parties to Tort

6.5. Remedies Available for Tort

Topic 7: Law of Succession

7.1. Meaning of Succession Law

7.2. Difference between Testate and Testamentary Succession

7.3. Use of Wills and Capacity to Make a Will

7.4. Instances for Grant of probate and Letter of administration

7.5. Interstate/Non-Testamentary Succession

7.6. Issuance of Gifts in Contemplation of Death.

Unit 8: Law of Property

8.1. Meaning of Property Law

8.2. Nature of Property

8.3. Classification of Property

8.4. Ownership and Possession

8.5. Easements

8.6. Nature of Mortgages and Charges

Topic 9: Employment Law

9.1. Meaning of Employment Law

9.2. Nature of Contract of Employment

9.3. Employers’ Responsibility

9.4. Employees’ Responsibility

9.5. Employment Enactments and Regulations

9.6. Tort Negligence

Topic 10: Emerging Issues and Trends in Business Law

10.1. Emerging Issues and Trends in Business Law

10.2. Challenges Posed by Emerging Issues and Trends in Business Law

10.3. Coping with Challenges Posed by Emerging Issues and Trends in Business Law

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