Health and Safety Measures in the Workplace

Employees welfare and benefits

Accident Prevention

The prevention of accidents is achieved by:

  • Identifying the causes of accidents and the conditions under which they are most likely to occur;
  • Taking account of safety factors at the design stage
  • Designing safety equipment and protective devices and providing protective clothing;
  • Carrying out regular risk assessments audits, inspections and checks and taking action to eliminate risks;
  • Investigating all accidents resulting in damage to establish the cause and to initiate corrective action;
  • Maintaining good records and statistics in order to identify problem areas and unsatisfactory trends;
  • Conducting a continuous programme of education and training on safe working habits and methods of avoiding accidents;
  • Encouraging methods of leadership and motivation that do not place excessive demands on people.

Occupational Health Programmes

Almost 20 million working days a year are lost all over the world because of work-related illness. Two million people suffer from illness they believe was caused by their work such as Muscular disorders and back pain. The next biggest problem is stress, which 500,000 people say is so bad that it is making them ill. These are large and disturbing figures and they show that high priority must be given to creating and maintaining programmes for the improvement of occupational health. The control of occupational health and hygiene problems can be achieved by:

  • Eliminating the hazard at source through design and process engineering;
  • Isolating hazardous processes and substances so that workers do not come into contact with them;
  • Changing the processes or substances used, to promote better protection or eliminate the risk;
  • Providing protective equipment, but only if changes to the design, process or specification cannot completely remove the hazard;
  • Training workers to avoid risk;
  • Maintaining plant and equipment to eliminate the possibility of harmful emissions, controlling the use of toxic substances and eliminating radiation hazards;
  • Good housekeeping to keep premises and machinery clean and free from toxic substances;
  • Regular inspections to ensure that potential health risks are identified in goodtime;
  • Pre-employment medical examinations and regular checks on those exposed to risk;
  • Ensuring that ergonomic considerations (ie, those concerning the design and use of equipment, machines, processes and workstations) are taken into account in design specifications, establishing work routines and training – this is particularly important as a means of minimizing the incidence of repetitive strain injury(RSI);
  • Maintaining preventive medicine programmes which develop health standards for each job and involve regular audits of potential health hazards and regular examinations for anyone at risk.

Particular attention needs to be exercised on the control of noise, fatigue and stress. Control of stress should be regarded as a major part of any occupational health programme.

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