Sociology of Education

As explained by Ballantine and Hammack (2012), sociology of education is a sociology subcategory that is focused on the study and analysis of effects and outcomes of public institutions as well as people’s experiences on education. In that case, this subfield of sociology mainly focuses on the systems of public schools in the modern industrial societies. This also covers adult, higher, continuing and further and education. In regards to these, sociology of education explain the various theoretical perspectives of education which has been seen by many as a human behavior that is very optimistic characterized by progress and betterment aspirations. The various theories contained in this subfield include political arithmetic tradition, structural and agency and structural functionalism among other theories.

            “Trusting Each Other: Student-Counselor Relationships in Diverse High Schools” is one of the journal articles on sociology of education. This article analyses the relationship of students and their counselors to find out the various obstacles that build up distrusts between them. This is based on the fact a large number of students who aspire to join college go through a challenge in the process of application while they cannot rely on their counselors. One of the current topics highlighted in the articles is trust across race and class which is based on the diversity of students in institutions. According to Holland (2015), the different races and social classes of counselors and students can be a major issue that can affect how they two interact and relate. This means that students from a certain race may find it difficult to trust a counselor from a different race.

Another major topic was modeling of communication in institutions to aid in enhancing the trust between student and their counselors.  This is considered necessary to make the bonding of students and counselor very comfortable and avoid distrust resulting from the diversity of students and counselors in institutions (Holland, 2015). Generally, the issues discussed in the article focus on handling distrust of students towards their counselors as a result of diversity in high schools.


Holland, M., M (2015). “Trusting Each Other: Student-Counselor Relationships in Diverse High Schools.” Sociology of Education, 88(3), 244–262. Doi: 10.1177/0038040715591347.

Ballantine, J. H., & Hammack, F. M. (2012). The sociology of education: A systematic analysis.     Upper Saddle River, N.J: Pearson Education.

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