The Major Stages of a Law Making Process: KNEC Revision Questions

Discuss the major stages of law making process

The lawmaking process varies depending on the country and its political system, but generally, the following stages can be identified:

  • Introduction of a Bill: The process starts with the introduction of a bill in the legislature. A bill can be introduced by a member of the legislative body, the government or a private citizen.
  • Committee Stage: Once a bill is introduced, it is referred to a committee for further scrutiny. The committee can study the bill, hear evidence and make amendments to it. The committee stage is an important stage because it allows for public input and feedback on the proposed legislation.
  • Second Reading: After the committee stage, the bill is debated and voted on in the legislative chamber. This is the second reading stage, where the bill is discussed in detail and amendments may be proposed.
  • Third Reading: If the bill passes the second reading, it moves on to the third reading where it is debated further and put to a final vote.
  • Presidential Assent: If the bill is passed by both the legislative chamber and the second legislative chamber (if applicable), it is sent to the head of state for approval, which is known as the royal assent. Once the bill receives the royal assent, it becomes law.
  • Implementation: The final stage of the lawmaking process is the implementation of the new law. This may involve the creation of regulations, guidelines or policies to ensure the law is enforced and effective.

It is worth noting that the lawmaking process can be a lengthy and complex one, with many stages and opportunities for amendment or rejection. Additionally, the process may vary depending on the country and its political system.

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